>> For the panel discussion, go to the Pioneers page. <<
Tuesday 9 August
Wednesday 10 August
- 09:00 – David Harel
Thursday 11 August
Friday 12 August
- 09:00 – Jacques Demongeot
James D. Murray
James D. Murray, FRS, Foreign Member of the French Academy, is Professor Emeritus of Mathematical Biology at the University of Oxford, Professor Emeritus of Applied Mathematics at the University of Washington, and Senior Scholar at Princeton University. His research is characterized by its great scope and depth: an early example is his fundamental contributions to understanding the biomechanics of the human body when launched from an aircraft in an ejection seat. He has made contributions to many other areas, ranging from understanding and preventing severe scarring, to fingerprint formation, sex determination, modeling of animal coat patterns, territory formation in wolf-deer interacting populations, growth and control of brain tumors, quantifying patient treatments prior to use, and modeling marital interaction and divorce prediction with 94% accuracy in a 12-year longitudinal study. He is best known for his authoritative and extensive work entitled Mathematical Biology, whose 3rd edition in two volumes came out in 2004.
Aden Tuesday 9 August, 09:00
Ricard Solé heads the Complex Systems Lab at Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and is an External Professor at the Santa Fe Institute. One of his main research interests is understanding the possible presence of universal patterns of organization in complex systems, from prebiotic replicators to evolved artificial objects. Key questions are how robust structures develop, how information is incorporated into these structures and how computation emerges. He is also interested in how to determine what are the contributions of selection, chance and self-organization to the evolution of complexity. One of his main goals is searching for the principles of organization responsible for the emergence of fundamental components of complexity, including the origins of self-reproduction, development, life cycles, computational processes and multicellularity. His work has been featured in newspapers as well as several popular and technical books.
Aden Tuesday 9 August, 16:20
David Harel is a professor of computer science at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. Harel is best known for his work on dynamic logic, computability and software engineering. In the 1980s he invented the graphical language of Statecharts, which has been adopted as part of the UML standard. He has also published expository accounts of computer science, such as his award winning 1987 book “Algorithmics: The Spirit of Computing” and has made appearances on Israeli radio and television. He currently works on many diverse topics, including visual languages, graph layout, systems biology and the communication of odours. He is now working on a computer model of a nematode, ‘Caenorhabditis elegans’, which was the first multicellular organism to have its genome completely sequenced. The eventual completeness of such a model depends on his updated version of the test developed by Alan Turing to identify whether computers could reason well enough that a human communicating with them could not tell whether a human or a machine was at the other end of the communication.
Aden Wednesday 10 August, 09:00
1995 Nobel Prize in Physiology
Eric Wieschaus is the Squibb Professor in Molecular Biology at Princeton. His research work has focused on embryogenesis in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, specifically in the patterning that occurs in the early Drosophila embryo. Most of the gene products used by the embryo at these stages are already present in the unfertilized egg and were produced by maternal transcription during oogenesis. A small number of gene products, however, are supplied by transcription in the embryo itself. He has focused on these “zygotically” active genes because he believes the temporal and spatial pattern of their transcription may provide the triggers controlling the normal sequence of embryonic development. In 1995, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Edward B. Lewis and Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard as co-recipients, for their work revealing the genetic control of embryonic development.
Aden Thursday 11 August, 09:00
Jordan Pollack is professor of computer science and complex systems professor at Brandeis University, where he is also chairman of the computer science department and director of the Dynamical and Evolutionary Machine Organization (DEMO) lab. The laboratory’s work on AI, Artificial Life, Neural Networks, Evolution, Dynamical Systems, Games, Self-designed Robotics, Machine Learning, and Educational Technology has been reported on by the New York Times, Time, Science, NPR, Slashdot.org and many other media sources worldwide.
Aden Thursday 11 August, 18:00
Jacques Demongeot is presently director of the TIMC-IMAG Laboratory, “Techniques of Medical Engineering & Complexity” (CNRS 5525) and is also head of the Institute of Bioengineering (IFRT 130 IpV) at the University Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France. He has an MD and a PhD in mathematics and has been appointed Chairman of Biomathematics at the Institut Universitaire de France in 1994. Jacques Demongeot is also in charge of the Department of Medical Information at the University Hospital of Grenoble (CHUG) and is the founder of the doctoral school of bioengineering “Health, Cognition & Environment”. He is currently creating a new laboratory AGIM, in Archamps near Geneva, devoted to studies of development and ageing.
Aden Friday 12 August, 09:00